Constitutional Background

Canada, like Israel and New Zealand, has no written constitution in one single document, but rather a number of Constitution Acts.

History and News

  • 30 Oct 1995: The Quebec referendum on independence failed by 1% on a huge 94% turnout; it won 60% of the French-speakers' vote.
  • 1994: During Quebec's elections, the separatist party PQ (Parti Québéquois) wins a majority in the province Quebec.
  • 1993: The Bloc Québéquois of Lucien Bouchard succeeds with a second position in federal elections.
  • 1982: New Federal Constitution adopted against Quebec's wish to acknowledge its distinctiveness.
  • 1980: A "sovereignty-association" of separatist René Lévesque was rejected by 60% in referendum.

For methodology see: Comparing Constitutions and International Constitutional Law.
© 1994 - 11.2.2022 / For corrections please contact A. Tschentscher.