Constitutional Background

President Edward Shevardnadze signed a symbolic cooperation agreement with Azerbaijan and Armenia which acts as a reinforcement of independence from neighbouring Russia. Russia still has troops stationed in bases leased from Georgia.

A secessional movement of Vladislav Ardzinba tries for the independence of Abkhazia, the north-western tip of Georgia straddling the Black Sea. The Abkhaz are a distinct ethnic group which got Russian support in driving Georgian military out. Their "Republic" is not recognized internationally.

Georgia has signed a cooperation agreement with the EU.

History and News

  • 2003: A popular movement later called "Rose Revolution" replaces Shevardnadze's government with a new one led by Mikheil Saakashvili.
  • 11 Sep 2002: Russian President Putin threatens a strike into Georgia if Chechnian rebels are allowed to hide in Georgia's Pankisi Gorge.
  • July 1996: After having secured a new resolution of support from the United Nations Security Council, Shevardnadze starts talks to Abkhaz leader Vladislav Ardzinba.
  • April 1996: Shevardnadze signs a cooperation agreement with Azerbaijan and Armenia.
  • 5 Nov 1995: Parliamentary and Presidential Elections.
  • 1993: Georgia becomes a member of Russia's Commonwealth of Independent States; Russia, in return, backs Shevardnadze against Abkhaz rebels.
  • 1993: Abkhazia declares its independence, but is not recognized by Georgia or other states.
  • April 1989: Troops of Russian General Igor Rodionov kill 29 demonstrators in Tbilisi.

For methodology see: Comparing Constitutions and International Constitutional Law.
© 1994 - 11.2.2022 / For corrections please contact A. Tschentscher.