Constitutional Background

When the Government of King Idris was overthrown in 1969, the Revolutionary Command Council issued a Constitutional Proclamation on 11 Dec 1969. The Proclamation was supposed to be a temporary measure (see Article 37), but a real constitution has not yet been published (1992). There is, however, as another important document, the Declaration on the Establishment of the Authority of the People from 2 March 1977.

The General People's Congress is the legislator in Libya; some of its resolutions have the content of fundamental laws. Another important source is the Green Book of Colonel Quadhafi, originating in a speech of 3 April 1975.

History and News

  • 9 July 1996: Soccer incident in Tripoli; a game between the teams of two sons of Quadhafi, Muhammad and Saidi, resulted in violence and about 8-20 casualties. 
  • July 1995: Quadhafi arrests 2000 members of a militant islamic organization after violence in the harbor town of Bengasi. This threatens good relations with Sudan and Iran. 
  • 2 March 1977: Declaration on the Establishment of the Authority of the People. 
  • 3 April 1975: The Green Book is published by Quadhafi
  • 11 Dec 1969: Revolutionary Command Council issues the Constitutional Proclamation.
  • 1969: Quadhafi takes power after overthrowing King Idris.

For methodology see: Comparing Constitutions and International Constitutional Law.
© 1994 - 11.2.2022 / For corrections please contact A. Tschentscher.